/ Motoring

Barry Beavis: why I fought my parking penalty in court

Parking fine

When Barry Beavis was served with a £85 Parking Charge Notice by a private parking company, he wasn’t willing to just accept it and pay up. Here’s Barry himself on why he decided to fight the charge in court.

My name is Barry Beavis and I am involved in a legal battle that could save all motorists millions of pounds.

Parking tickets are a right royal pain the whotsit. We’ve all had a parking ticket and we’ve grudgingly paid what’s due. But are the charges actually fair?

There are two types of charge and two types of parking “ticket”. The first one is a parking ticket issued by your local authority, normally in the guise of a traffic warden or police officer. If you get one of these then you have usually done something wrong, as these are issued pursuant to the Road Traffic Act.

The second type of charge is for parking on private land. Something like a retail centre, a supermarket, an out of town shopping centre and cinema or even a hospital car park.

Fighting my parking penalty

I received one of these Notices from ParkingEye. I visited Riverside Retail Park in Chelmsford in April 2013. It offers motorists two hours free parking, but I had stayed for nearly three hours. I received a PCN (Parking Charge Notice) for £85 which I argued in a test case in Cambridge County Court was an unenforceable penalty, was not a genuine reflection of the parking company’s loss from motorists overstaying, and should not be allowed.

I had to research private parking companies to put together my defence in Cambridge. What I found made me so incredibly angry. I read experiences of people who had felt intimidated by letters asking them to pay the ‘fines’. This egged me on even more to fight my case on behalf of everyone who has been affected.

Yet, I lost. The judge ruled that there was a ‘commercial justification’ for the charges. New law was being written. Bad law, I think.

Taking it to the Supreme Court

I was amazed that the judge ruled against me. Contract law is simple in my opinion: if it’s a penalty then it is unenforceable. In my view, these parking companies had been getting away with it for far too long, yet here was a judge ruling in their favour. I was firstly shocked and then I became incensed; literally hopping mad.

I was given permission to appeal to the Court of Appeal and in February 2015 the case was heard. Last week the judgment was handed down.

Lord Justice Moore-Bick, Lord Justice Patten and Sir Timothy Lloyd agreed that the £85 charge is intended to deter motorists from overstaying in the car park. Yet, they also held – in an unprecedented ruling – that the charge is still enforceable as it is not ‘extravagant or unconscionable’. Simply put – £85 is not too much.

I have been given leave to appeal the decision to the Supreme Court. I think I should. Do you?

This is a guest post by Barry Beavis, who took ParkingEye to court to contest his parking ticket. All opinions expressed here are Barry’s own, not necessarily those of Which?. Which? intervened in the Court of Appeal proceedings to protect the wider consumer interest, to safeguard existing consumer rights and to ensure the law is fair for consumers across all markets.

21 July 2015 update – off to the Supreme Court

This case is now being heard in the Supreme Court. The hearing is due to end later this week, with a ruling not expected until later this year.

4 Nov 2015 update – Supreme Court Ruling

The Supreme Court today gave its judgement on Barry Beavis’ case. Disappointingly, he lost. Parking fines issued by private companies have been ruled as fair and proportionate by the Supreme Court.

The Supreme Court agreed with Parking Eye that the £85 charge Barry received for overstaying by 56 minutes was justified as it discouraged people from overstaying at a site close to a railway station and law courts.

We intervened in the case to ensure important consumer rights that protect people from excessive fines in all sectors were not watered down. However, the ruling could now lead to people being more severely fined for things like missing appointments or being late for a nursery pick-up.

Our executive director Richard Lloyd said:

​​’This is a thoroughly disappointing judgment based on a narrow​ ​interpretation of the law. It will cause chaos if cowboy parking firms​ ​choose to take advantage of the ruling by hitting drivers with even​ ​more excessive charges. Our advice to consumers is to be on your guard​ ​and always appeal if you think a parking fine is unfair.’

We’re now planning to take the issue up with government ministers since a reversal of the judgment will require changes to the law.

Alex says:
17 March 2019

Anyway come across this. My car was at a garage having it’s mot when it given a pcn even though the garage had parked it there. I had left my vehicle at it’s forecourt. The garage didn’t tell me about the pcn even though I have subsequently obtained a photo of one of the mechanics arguing with the traffic warden. I appealed. The council tells me the pcn still stands as I am the legal owner of the vehicle. Any advice please

I thought we had exhausted this subject but you have provided yet another scenario, Alex.

If someone else was driving you are not liable: https://www.citizensadvice.org.uk/law-and-courts/parking-tickets/appealing-parking-tickets/appealing-a-parking-ticket-when-someone-else-was-driving/.

Best of luck with getting this sorted out promptly. Your local newspaper might like the story.

Susan Stuart says:
20 March 2019

Hi there I wonder if anyone can help. We received a fine for parking in a lay-by which is where we rented a shop for 14 years. We had a permit to park there. We were moving all of our items from the store as we were closing. On the day we received a fine we were in and out of the shop (which was obvious to anyone walking past ) with diy items and loading our car. Our permit had fallen off our dashboard and fell to the floor. Within six minutes apparently an Amtrak agent observed our car and as he couldn’t see our ticket although he knew we were in the store as all doors were open he didn’t approach us but merely left a ticket on our car. This was on the 22 nd June 2014. I immediately tried to find the guy and call but he wasn’t around. I emailed Amtrak that day to advise of our situation. Now as it’s been some time I really can’t remember what happened but I have a feeling they refused our appeal even though we gave evidence of the permit, our lease etc. I don’t even know if we paid it in the end but all of a sudden we have just received a letter saying that they are taking me to court. At the time of the ticket they were not accredited but I think as I contacted them they got my details. Is it still possible for them to pursue me after all this time? I feel slightly agrieved at the fact that we were allowed to park there and we did have a permit and it was clear to anyone it was our car as we were in and out of the shop eyc….any advice would be very appreciated x