/ Motoring

Should cars intervene on our behalf to keep us safe?

driving

Many cars now come with features that take over in dangerous situations. Are you comfortable with this active safety technology that controls the car for you, or is it something you can live without?

Cars are getting smarter. And regardless of how you feel about it, one of the big goals of the car industry is to move to autonomous vehicles.

In fact, the UK government announced yesterday in Autumn Budget 2017 that it wants to see fully autonomous cars on UK roads by 2021.

But we need to take a step back. We don’t have fully autonomous cars that you can buy today. But we do have a large range of cars with ‘active’ safety features, so-called as they can intervene to improve safety.

But the questions is – how comfortable are you with these features?

Cruise control vs adaptive cruise control

When I’m driving along in my clunky, old Ford C-Max, there is very little in the way of active safety technology. I have cruise control, and I do use it, but it’s basic and simplistic, and not really a safety feature.

But adaptive cruise control is. Widely available on modern cars, it monitors the road in front of you. Should you be travelling faster than the car in front, the car will automatically slow down and maintain a distance between you and the other car. If the road clears, the car will speed up again to your desired speed.

Some systems are so advanced that they can handle crawling city traffic, bringing the car to a complete stop and then pulling off again when the traffic moves.

And we’re seeing additions to this technology. The BMW 5 Series I tested at the start of the year reads speed signs and adjusts the adaptive cruise control for you.

So, what other active safety features are you likely to find on the new cars of today?

Lane-keeping technology

Basic lane-keeping systems simply warn the driver if they let the car stray too close to the edge of their lane without indicating.

More advanced ‘active’ systems will automatically make steering adjustments to keep you within a lane. It’s worth stressing that the systems are meant as driver aids, and not as a form of autonomous driving.

Autonomous Emergency Braking (AEB)

Autonomous Emergency Braking (AEB) will audibly alert the driver to an impending collision. Should no action be taken, the system will automatically perform an emergency stop to either mitigate or completely avoid the impact.

One benefit of having a car with AEB can be that owners enjoy reduced insurance premiums over a comparable model without AEB. Some cars can now also add a steering input to steer you away in order to avoid a collision.

Blind spot warning system

This warning system reduces the likelihood of an accident when changing lanes by alerting drivers to unseen adjacent vehicles. This is normally done via a light in the door mirror, which is often backed up by an audible alert if you still try to change lanes.

Speed-limiting devices

Many cars fitted with cruise control also come with a feature to prevent the car being driven above a pre-set speed. Speed-limiting devices can normally be set to any speed and will gently reduce engine power when it is reached. Many systems will deactivate if the driver floors the accelerator, so they can still react to developing situations on the road.

Tyre-pressure monitoring systems

Having under- or over-inflated tyres can upset the car’s handling and lead to an accident. Tyre-pressure monitoring systems (TPMS) warn of incorrect tyre pressures, helping you maintain them at the correct setting.

Active safety technology – are you for it?

What do you think – do you see these features as essential or useful? Would you pay extra to have them on your car or would you expect it all as standard? Does it worry you that too many automated controls are being added to our cars?

Let us know in the comments below, but also take our quiz so we can see which features you see as essential or not.


Comments
Member

I changed to maybe a long-standing safety feature – automatic transmission. It makes the driving task simpler by removing some actions, leaving you to pay more attention to the road. I regularly use speed limiting; it is so easy in a built up area with a quiet engine to stray above the limit. And I favour the others listed. My only concern is how far you take control away from the driver; alertness to road conditions, what happens around you, what other drivers are doing requires concentration and reactions to avoid a problem. Maybe too much reliance on automatic systems will detract from this and give drivers a false sense of security? Driving aids – warnings – rather than driving automation might give better results?

Member

I do not like cruise control. Your feet are not in their logical positions, not doing anything useful and are just as likely to hit the accelerator instead of the brake in an emergency.

We have all had tailgaters up our backsides so technology to keep cars at a safe distance from each other could be considered an essential feature. Same with blind spot warning and tyre-pressure monitoring systems.

Lane-keeping technology is ok as a warning, but not to take control. You might be avoiding an obstacle or pothole.

Speed limiters could be useful, but reacting to speed signs might be problematic as many are defaced or hidden by tree branches.

Too much technology control could create a sort of boredom for the driver where they might not be in full control of the vehicle.

And do we have to worry about car computer hacking?

Member

What you’re partially talking about is adaptive cruise control, Alfa. Nice to use on motorways and especially good for avoiding speed tickets when in built up areas and you’re having to watch both the multiple hazards and the speedo.

One of our Toyotas is fitted with a lot of devices – but the Lidar display which houses many of the sensors sometimes goes into shut down mode on cold days 🙂

Most accidents don’t occur through driver boredom but through driver error, and last year there were 140,086 road traffic accidents in the UK that resulted in personal injury. That works out at almost 12,000 a month, or just under 400 every day. The top five causes:

1. Driving under the influence of alcohol and drugs
2. Tiredness
3. Excessive speed
4. Distraction – mobile ‘phones, changing radio channels.
5. Failure to react to severe weather

Interestingly, fully autonomous cars could cope rather well with all those issues.

Member

Do autonomous cars automatically give you a breath test?

And how do they cope with fog, snow, black ice?

My car is 19 years old so rather lacking in recent modern technology, but it has managed to stay out of trouble so far with me in full control.

Member

Interestingly, there are devices that can be part of your car that do provide breath testing, but the weather is the real reason these developments could be invaluable, since fog won’t provide an impediment to the sensor arrays. Snow could stop them – as it can with any ordinary car, and which is why we have a Toyota 4 x 4 as well, which goes up any snow-clad incline with relative ease – and the black ice question is another reason, really, why the fully autonomous vehicle should be a lot safer, since its in-built accelerometers will detect any slight drifting well before a human driver could react, and correct accordingly.

I’ve always been a technophile, so it’s worth viewing my enthusiasm in that light, and Duncan does make some very sage points about location tracking and even hacking, as cars have been unlocked (but not, as far as I know, actually started) remotely across continental distances.

But the real reasons I await their arrival with great enthusiasm are the freedom they will afford to the disabled in remote areas and the increased safety they should provide for everyone on the roads.

Member

What make this more interesting they make a car that will help you live a longer life by safer driving, We now have AI to help us with robots to put us out of work, we have wireless tech to turn our lights on & off but what the heck is any of that stuff any good if your dying, why does humanity fix what dosnt need fixing instead of fixing the things that should matter.

Member
Patrick Taylor says:
23 November 2017

There is a theory that pranksters will leap in front of cars to cause traffic chaos. A potential problem which no one seems to wish to address. This of course being fairly typical of the system purveyors ignoring the drawbacks in pursuit of the buck.

Whilst it is nice to think a civil society will not have problems where there is unrest or terrorism the dangers of people using it as a form of protest or disruption of main routes should not be discounted.

My other concern is that micro-sleeps are a problem and the more we simplify driving the more likely people will drive when tired. As the technology already exists for detecting drivers drifting off I think perhaps it should be a mandatory system ahead of those that are convenienta nd likely to make people too relaxed.

Member

The theory was put forward by a New Scientist columnist who argued that because the full autonomous car would have to be – for all intents and purposes – almost entirely foolproof in safety terms, once people began to be able to identify them as such they would come to realise that the normal rules don’t apply and would simply walk across roads as and when they pleased.

I think it has some merit, in fact. The irony would be that because the fully autonomous vehicle was far safer than the human-controlled, that characteristic would be exploited by the opportunistic.

Member

I am glad you are all full of the “joys of intelligent cars ” I am not but in any case I read somewhere UBER is buying a fleet of Volvo cars that operate this way . I look forward to their third party apps on them being hacked as well as their controls . Have none of you checked up on the many tests carried out in the USA on this ? The FBI etc was onto this like a shot under the pretense of “catching the bad guys ” and already have a control unit that will allow them to take control of cars like this and yes hackers are onto it too and have caused accidents -“safe” non-driving ! This is all down to control ( of you ) they can be tracked and your movements known, what next a “wipe you bum ” machine that sends messages to third party toilet paper companies ?

Member

When all cars – and trucks and buses – are intelligent and inter-communicating I shall feel safe. It’s the intervening period that worries me when there is a mixture of guided traffic and driven vehicles.

Travelling in an autonomous car when a jay-walker steps out in front to cross the road and the car makes an emergency brake application might be good [for the jay-walker], but if the driver behind in a normal control vehicle does not react fast enough then a shunt will ensue. And if the vehicle behind is a 40-tonne truck and the autonomous car is metaphorically a Dinky Toy in comparison then the car will be crushed.

So far trials on empty roads and test tracks look impressive but the reality of day-to-day driving is another matter. Having to keep one’s eyes on the road but have no influence over the conduct of the car will be an odd experience.

Member

A bit like teaching your children to drive! We like to think of technology as “foolproof” but it is not. I’d prefer it if we put a lot more effort into public transport rather than individual vehicles that demand more road and parking space. And research into better and lighter electric storage for all vehicles.

I’d like to see a future where the major road users – commuters – no longer have to spend time travelling, wasting time, to places of work by putting work nearer where they live, and using local offices instead of a single headquarters. Get unnecessary traffic off the roads.

Member

While I agree (and wonder, frankly, why more hasn’t been done) about public transport in urban areas, in many rural and mountainous areas in some ways it’s a non-starter. Don’t get me wrong; it exists, but travelling by horse and cart might be slightly speedier.

However, if (as many companies are suggesting) London becomes something of a commercial wasteland following Brexit then the problem might solve itself. Of course, we’ll then have to be caring for the millions unemployed, but I suppose we can’t have everything.

It’s an intractable problem: commerce tends to flock together and everything else follows.

Member

John: yes – that’s the first time I’ve read a seriously concerning issue surrounding autonomous vehicles. What I can see happening is that the first place autonomous systems will be deployed will be in the stopping arena, in part for the very reason you specify. I would imagine that the creators and designers of AVSs (autonomous vehicle Systems) will already have considered this and will have realised that a shunt is a real possibility, so legislation would be needed to amend the Construction and Use regs to enforce mandatory stopping communication systems between all vehicles, and not simply between the AVSs fitted. It’s really the only way the system can work safely.

The one thing at which the UK excels is technical innovation and software. The Government seems very keen to push the areas concerned, so will, I suspect, be only too willing to legislate accordingly.

Of course, we can also dream that one day inertialess braking will become a reality, in which case we can stop dead when necessary.

Member

There are around 26 million vehicles on UK roads, and their average age is 7.8 years. It will be impossible to fit all these vehicles with devices compatible with automated vehicles. We will have to deal with mixed traffic for many years to come, given the increased longevity of vehicles. I’d expect if we do introduce autonomous vehicles they would be restricted to particular areas and probably segregated from “normal” traffic.

Member

That’s also a possibility, but simple figures can be misleading. There are around 31m cars on the road but there’s also around a third of a million HGVs which, together,. move around 75% of goods around the UK, when rail should certainly be moving most. That’s an aside, however, and while I agree that it’s unlikely that retrospective legislation would be enacted for 100% of vehicles it can certainly be enacted for most and auto braking can be retrofitted comparatively cheaply. John was talking about the instance of the HGV specifically, and I would imagine that legislation pertaining to them will be enacted.

Member

Separation by a highways version of air traffic control using GPS is a possibility. LGV’s and delivery vans are increasingly in communication with their operations bases. By 2025 onwards significant progress could be made towards autonomous driving on major motorways. On exit a transponder would switch off the autonomous control and the human driver would regain control. In urban areas one advantage of autonomous driving would be speed control: no more excessive speeds in residential roads or late-night boy racers tearing up the high street. The emergency services would have to have an opt-out.

And think about this – a computer-managed school run with all movements safely coordinated and synchronised! No more late-for-violin lesson anxiety!

Member

Now there’s an offbeat idea…

Member

And no more speed bumps? 🙂

Member

There would be no need for speed bumps, chicanes, and speed cameras. No parking contraventions on the highway. Disabled bays always clear of obstruction. Roundabouts replaced by signals for pedestrians and inter-linked with guided traffic flows. Buses and taxis given priority at junctions and programmed to make turns banned for other traffic. Electric cars could even book their recharge at a charging station en route. When setting off and loading the destination coordinates and preferred arrival time the system would check the whole journey for congestion and delays and plan the route not just by geography as now but by using all relevant data. Platooning would be directed for optimum efficiency and economy. The module in the car would become a slave to the overall system. Fancy, being in the right place, in the right lane, at the right time, at all times; motoring doesn’t get much better than that. It would be satnav in excelsis.

Member

Dream on John. 😴🚗😴🚍😴🚘😴🚋😴🚌😴

Utopia of the future maybe, but we are unlikely to experience it in our lifetimes.

Member

You would not even need anyone in the autonomous car. Just send it on its way to collect the groceries, deliver your report to the office, take granny out for spin. We could just sit on the sofa at home watching the tv channels automatically selected for us by the Data Collection Authority.

In wonder who would be held accountable for accidents when the foolproof technology is fooled?

Member
bishbut says:
24 November 2017

All these things are needed because drivers are now not taught how to drive but how to pass the basic test a driver who knows how to drive safely and carfully with regard for others does not need any of these “Gagdets” becaues thats all they are to many motorist just an excuse to make you pay for “Gadgets” you dot even ask for … Who will supply me with a car with just the additons I want or might need no one they just add things in packs mostly unwanted items …You have very little choice

Member

For this week’s work expedition “up north”, our hire car was a nice comfy Skoda Octavia.

This came with the full “no frills package”, i.e. no satnav, no cruise control, no parking sensors and only a manual handbrake.

I’m really beginning to like those Skodas…

Member

Lovely car, the Octavia. Wish we’d bought one instead of an Audi. One of the few cars with plenty of legroom and comfort in the rear seats plus a vast boot. Our friends’ Jaguar, for all its length, is surprisingly cramped.

Member

Not as good as an Alfa 🙂🙃🙂🙃🙂

Member

…red with matching rust? 😉

Member

Not red and NO rust. That was an optional extra over 20 years ago.

Member

I would like to remain in charge of my car. I am capable of remaining at a safe distance from the vehicle in front and slowing down if it does. I can park my car in a gap without help. I can remain within lanes and remember to signal in adequate time if I want to change lane.

Driving on motorways is tedious and I often turn off the cruise control to help stay alert when driving a distance at night. It works for me.

Member

100% agree with you wavechange except I don’t like cruise control and don’t have it on my car anyway.

I find mirrors an essential safety feature.

Member

Mirrors are simple but effective, but the manufacturers want to introduce blind-spot warning systems. Many of us cope well without them. Some cars seem better than others regarding blind-spots so maybe there is a case for copying good design.

Member

I rarely use cruise control as the motorways and other major roads we generally frequent are not good candidates. However, I support blind spot help – overtaking vehicles can surprise you sometimes when they are not quite past; I’ve seen a number of near misses when the vehicle about to be overtaken has started an overtake manoeuvre itself , abruptly abandoned.