/ Home & Energy

It’s too hard (and costly) to repair our home appliances

Woman fixing a washing machine

How can a £200 washing machine cost almost as much to repair when a £10 part breaks? Manufacturers are making home appliances much harder to repair – leading to fewer being repaired and more being thrown away.

Which? has been investigating product reliability since 1971 and our experts’ comments in our articles over the years suggest that appliances have generally become more reliable.

But impossible-to-repair machines and falling prices mean there’s a growing trend towards throwing appliances away, rather than getting them fixed when they fail. And in some cases, a seemingly simple repair will cost as much as a brand new machine.

£180 to fix a faulty £10 part

Take an example from some recent Which? research. The Beko WM1540W washing machines comes with drum paddles which are fitted from the inside of a sealed drum. This means that if the one of the £10 paddles breaks, owners of the Beko will need to replace the whole drum. This is because the inner and outer sections of the drum are welded together, rather than being bolted.

This pushes the cost of repair up from £10 to closer to £180 for a new drum assembly and two hours of work to fit it. Beko told us:

‘As a result of feedback from our service department, we decided to change the design of the drum. Since the introduction of the new drum, significantly fewer problems with the model have been reported.’

Too much trouble to repair?

In years gone by fixing something like a broken paddle wouldn’t have been a problem for a repairperson, and it’s even something you could do yourself, if you knew what to do. There’s plenty of advice out there on the internet for budding appliance repairpeople, and replacing a part like this wouldn’t cost much; about a tenner for the part.

But these days, it’s not just a broken plastic paddle that could mean a costly repair visit, or a trip to the tip with your washing machine. And it isn’t just Beko that makes its washing machine drums like this.

Sealed drums mean that if anything gets trapped between the inner and outer drum, such as a coin or a stray bra wire, a repairperson won’t be able to take your machine to pieces to retrieve it. Or if the drum bearings need replacing, an engineer won’t be able to access them.

Instead, if you want to fix your machine, you’ll need to shell out almost £200 to buy a new drum and have it fitted. But who in their right mind is going to do that when you can get a brand new machine for the same amount?

Improve these cheap, throwaway models

In terms of average incomes, washing machines accounted for about 8% of our salaries in 1971. That’s down to 1.5% now. So should we be happy with simply having cheap washing machines and not worry too much that they can be impossible to repair?

I don’t think so – it can’t be a good thing that some important appliances that we use everyday can’t even have simple repairs carried out on them and I wish manufacturers wouldn’t make them like this.


I’ve recently been researching new washing machines having sold our last one with our house and I was very interested to read about ISE washing machines that a designed ‘like the good old days’ so they can be easily and cheaply repaired if and when parts break. They are a similar price to the Best Buy Miele washing machine but I am surprised there is no review of them on Which?

I agree, Lucy. It is important that consumer ‘durables’ should be designed to be repaired easily.

It is crazy that appliances are regarded as beyond economical repair because of small faults. There is no shortage of people seeking jobs and it is about time to start doing something about the mountains of waste washing machines that are disposed of after a short working life.

I would like to see repairability mentioned in Which? reports. There is a recent Conversation about the big differences in running costs of fridge-freeezers etc., and that is another important factor we need to consider, at least for appliances in continuous or frequent use.

The cost of electrical goods has come down significantly in real terms especially in relation to cost of technical labour over the last 50 years.
Therefore for many smaller and cheaper electrical items even an hours labour will make a repair uneconomic especially if it involves a call-out.
It doesnt help that many items are designed to be assembled easily and quickly and this often precludes quick dis-assembly for repair.

Dismantling faulty equipment can be very time consuming since – as Rarrar says – it is often designed for easy assembly and no thought given to repair. A DIY enthusiast can often do their own repairs. For example, it is usually easy to replace a damaged mains lead.

Security screws and awkward plastic clips can be dealt with, but the increasing use of adhesive and solvent welding to hold plastics together can make repair impossible.

James Harrison says:
1 February 2013

Surely the ‘green’ issue has a lot to play in the future for such businesses and practises? To make items ‘built to last’ only a few years, whilst at least 90% of each item is working perfectly and recyclable, makes throwing such goods away almost criminal! Surely a washing mashine (for example) which can be easily repaired or is composed of many parts which can be – and are re-used, will be a major USP? Has anyone built their own washing machine (or other household machine) out of other working parts?

Mr Try and Fix It First says:
3 February 2015

From the comments above someone should start a spare parts library and fix it tips database. Most of fix it types remove usefull looking still good parts from their appliances. Like how we all used to save the plug – no longer needed as everything has a plug. We could all register and have free or lo cost spares for postage.i’ll start. I have a bosch fridge freezer digital stat and beko WMe brushes and whirlpool tumble dryer heater and panasonic microwave pcb. Every scrap metal dealer who strips stuff down would love it.and i really could use the stuff in the shed that one day will come in handy (only for someone else)
Apologies if already exists -send me the link!

have you not heard of the circular economy , dame helen mcarthur is fronting..its a great idea
not sure how it works but it could be set up like the following and if some major manufacturer wants
to take note my idea is based on the circular economy format.see link
it would be that you dont buy items you rent them long term from a company and when its
by its sell by date they will take it back give you a recycled new appliance and your old one will be
repaired upgraded and ready for next customer so nothing goes to landfill…if the
government are so keen on the carbon footprint this should be the way to go it could work for most appliances and would keep lots of people in jobs and ensure products are built to last the cost to rent
should be minimal as products would be expected to last for years with no maintenance costs

The EU have circular economy proposals: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/circular-economy/index_en.htm
How long will they take to implement……?
I think renting usually works financially in the renters favour, so prefer purchasing where possible. If we make sure that products are both durable and repairable we would begin to reduce waste.

I am very suspicious of the circular economy because it will drive customers to replace products on a frequent basis, like contract phones and cars bought under personal contract purchase. I’m no expert but it looks like a marketing exercise and the main benefit is that goods could be recycled properly and efficiently – but long before necessary.

It would be good if Which? would look at the circular economy plans and give us an indication of whether they are in the interest of customers or not.

I prefer to keep most household goods for as long as possible with the exception of phones, computers etc., which I will replace when they are outdated.

Following paul’s link to washing machines brings this (American) article that has interesting points to make:
Leasing would give cost-certainty and an incentive for the manufacturer to make quality products that can be repaired, refurbished and economically recycled. Equally if the same machine was sold with a proper guarantee and economic repair facilities available it would probably be better to purchase outright (even with a loan if capital wasn’t available) than to lease.
It all comes back to durability and repairability – as I see it crucial if we are to avoid waste of materials and resources.

🙁 Trouble posting a comment so it appeared twice. Duplicate gone now 🙂 . I’d forgetten that when including a web link nothing happens when you post – the comment just sits in the box you create it in.

It really is time that the AdMod team on this W? facility devized a solution to this paternalistic and petty restriction.
Astonishingly we are not even allowed to have access to:
Line thru’
Image inserts

which are functions available in all but the most basic ameteur on-line Forums.
May we now have a Thread devoted to suggestions for up-grading THIS Forum, so that AdMods don’t have the opportunity to:
** Close this discussion by declaring it ”Off Topic”;
** Threatening to close the Thread if we don’t behave ourselves like good little Public School Girls and Boys (That Magister-ial behaviour by a Pedagogue in a State school wouldn’t last much more that 10 seconds, 9, 8, 7 ….. )
** Impune one’s integrity by unsubstantiated allegations posted on-line, challenges to which they will not even respond, in issue specific terms, by PM.
Do remember the closing lines of
”Animal Farm”
and heed the safeguards needed against
”Corporate Capture”

It’s ’emboldening’ and we do have access to both it and italics. And even strikethrough. The Administrators and moderators in here have an extremely light touch. And admins will always have the capacity to terminate discussions. For so many obvious reasons. But it’s good to hear you place such store in the word of an old Etonian.

Hi all, please share your website suggestions here: https://conversation.which.co.uk/technology/welcome-to-the-new-which-conversation/ Thanks very much

It is sensible to have links checked before publishing in case any are malicious or otherwise “undesirable”. In the original convo a message appeared to say this was being done. Now it isn’t and I had forgotten that. You can avoid this by using just the title of the link or offering a search term.

I think there are times when a picture or graphic would be useful to add to a comment. One way might be to email it to Which Conversation, have them put it on a dedicated site and then provide a link to it from a comment.

Bold, italics and others are possible, although many don’t seem to use them. They were explained somewhere in the New Conversation convo which is also a good place to make comments about improving the structure of the forum.


To some people (me included) a very important factor in th epurchase of any major applicance or piece of equipment is the support and maintainability, both whilst the item is in its available lifecycle stage, but also once it is non -catalogue and int oth ediscontinued and obsolete/legacy phases.
Unfortunately I have yet to see any Which reports that include these criteria as a part of the assessment.
I have had excellent experiences with some manufacturers – Dell springs to mind – who maintain an easy to use support website with documentation available that goes way back.
Conversely, the support of some once reputable “names” – especially household names that have now been bought by retailers – is all but non-existent, even for absurdly trivial things like operating manuals.
Availability of spares is another issue with some brands well provided for but others – and again, “in house” brands of many retailers – enjoying limted or even zero support by third party suppliers.
Before you buy, find the manufacturer’s website and check how well supported current products are and also check out some legacy models, which will give you at least some idea of what to expect in a few years time.
You could also download the latest manual(s) for anything you own and build up your own library online using, say, Google Drive.
As I say, I find it strange that Which doesn’t include support and maintainability as a buying criteria for almost everything